Here’s an interesting reel of tape that I picked up at least 15 years ago, probably at the late, lamented Mammoth Music Mart in Skokie, IL. It's background is a bit confusing to me. It was apparently created for use at the U.S. Army Academy of Health Sciences, but it sounds to me as if it had to be for use by members of the military from other countries, who would be serving with Americans, as most native speakers of English would be familiar with the vast majority of these phrases and words. Whatever it's background, the tape contains no less than 547 of what it calls “Typical American Expressions”, each with an explanation and an example.
It would appear that this list may still be in use, as it can be found online here. For the dozen or so words I crosschecked from the tape, they are all both on that website and contain the same definitions and examples. But it’s much more fun, I think, to hear them read by this rather humorless and mechanical sounding announcer. Plus, these can be great fun for those who like to make any of the countless styles of sound montages there are to make.